Performing Left Outer Join using LINQ to SQL

LINQ (Language Integrated Query) is a powerful feature of C# that allows developers to write code in a query-like syntax. While LINQ provides various operators for querying and manipulating data, it does not have a built-in operator for performing a left outer join. However, we can achieve a left outer join using LINQ with ease.

In this article, we will explore how to generate a left outer join using LINQ to SQL. For demonstration purposes, we will use the “Categories” and “Products” tables from the Northwind database.

Method 1: Using Join and DefaultIfEmpty

var query=from p in Products
          join c in Categories
          on p.CategoryID equals c.CategoryID into pc
          where p.CategoryID==1
          from j in pc.DefaultIfEmpty()
          select new
          {
          CategoryName=j.CategoryName,
          ProductName=p.ProductName
          };


The above LINQ query generates the following SQL code:

SELECT [t1].[CategoryName] AS [CategoryName], [t0].[ProductName]
FROM [Products] AS [t0]
LEFT OUTER JOIN [Categories] AS [t1] ON [t0].[CategoryID] = ([t1].[CategoryID])
WHERE [t0].[CategoryID] = @p0


This query performs a left outer join between the “Products” and “Categories” tables on the “CategoryID” column. The into pc clause groups the joined results, and DefaultIfEmpty() ensures that unmatched entries from the left table are included in the result set. Finally, the query selects the desired columns from both tables.

Method 2: Using Where and DefaultIfEmpty

var query=from p in Products
          from c in Categories.Where(x=>x.CategoryID==p.CategoryID).DefaultIfEmpty()
          select new
          {
          CategoryName=c.CategoryName,
          ProductName=p.ProductName
          };


This alternative approach achieves the same result as the previous method but without using the join operator. Instead, it performs a correlated subquery by comparing the “CategoryID” of each product with the “CategoryID” of the categories table. The DefaultIfEmpty() ensures that unmatched entries are included in the result set.

That’s it! With these techniques, you can easily generate left outer joins using LINQ to SQL. Happy coding! 😊❤❤

Post a Comment

Please do not post any spam link in the comment box😊

Previous Post Next Post

Blog ads

CodeGuru